Article | June 16, 2023
Explore the current state of the production and manufacturing industries and discover how it achieves re-industrialization of the former industrial powerhouses counterbalancing the benefits.
Below is the guide to Industry 4.0 library, a curated collection of insightful and captivating reads designed to equip professionals with the knowledge and strategies needed to excel in today's rapidly evolving business landscape. This carefully selected list presents ten must-read books that delve into the fourth revolution of digitalization, exploring the transformative power of emerging technologies, automation, and data-driven decision-making. Whether you are a seasoned industry expert or a curious newcomer, these compelling titles offer invaluable insights into mastering efficiency, driving innovation, and staying ahead in the age of Industry 4.0 through practical scenarios and case studies. Prepare to embark on a journey of discovery and unlock the secrets to thriving in the digital revolution.
1. Industry 4.0 The Industrial Internet of Things
Author: Alasdair Gilchrist
Industry 4.0 The Industrial Internet of Things delves into the current production, processing, and manufacturing status and examines the requirements for re-industrializing former industrial powerhouses. Titled 'Industry 4.0: The Industrial Internet of Things' is the book that focuses on Industry 4.0, a concept encompassing emerging trends and technologies that can revolutionize the current manufacturing and production processes. It explores the potential of advanced technologies such as the internet of things, big data, cyber-physical systems, and smart factory systems to replace the traditional labor-intensive approaches prevalent in offshore locations. Key topics covered in the book include Identifying the technological advancements for enabling Industry 4.0 and exploring the ongoing efforts, applying insights from real-world case studies to practical scenarios. Being one of industrial revolution books, this book caters to a broad audience, including business futurists, business strategists, CEOs, CTOs, and individuals and anyone interested in understanding the future development of IT.
2. The Fourth Industrial Revolution
Author: Klaus Schwab
The author, an economist,the Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, asserts that we are on the cusp of the fourth industrial revolution, a transformative era with profound implications for our lives and work. The presence of artificial intelligence, manifesting in supercomputers, drones, and virtual assistants, along with 3D printing, DNA sequencing, and minuscule microchips, are only the early stages of the revolution. Imagining ‘smart factories’ where global manufacturing systems are virtually coordinated or implantable mobile phones made from bioengineered materials provide a glimpse into the future. Schwab outlines the technologies driving this revolution and discusses the significant impacts expected on businesses, civil societies and individuals. He further presents innovative ideas on leveraging these changes to create a better future where technology empowers people instead of replacing them, progress benefits society rather than disrupts it, and innovators uphold moral and ethical boundaries.
3. Artificial Intelligence and Industry 4.0
Author: Jyotir Moy Chatterjee
The book Artificial Intelligence and Industry 4.0 book examines the recent advancements in blockchain technology and artificial intelligence and their significant contributions to realizing Industry 4.0 objectives. It delves into the applications of AI in various industries, particularly the Internet of Things and Industrial Internet of Things technologies. The chapters cover a wide range of topics, including machine learning, smart cities, healthcare, and Society 5.0, exploring the numerous potential applications of AI in the context of Industry 4.0. This book is a resource for computer science researchers and graduate students involved in developing and studying AI and the IIoT. The key features of the book include exploring the application of AI in the industrial manufacturing sectors and presenting examples of ML, computer vision, and digital twin applications in the IoT industry. It further explains examining the facilitation of processing of large datasets, accurate risk forecasting, and the generation of recommended actions through deep learning and cognitive computing tools.
4. Handbook of Industry 4.0 and SMART Systems
Author: Diego Galar Pascual, Pasquale Daponte, Uday Kumar
One of the books on Industry 4.0 is the Handbook of Industry 4.0 and SMART Systems explores the concept of Industry 4.0, which represents the fourth generation of industrial activity marked by the integration of smart systems and internet-based solutions. It delves into the various technologies and methodologies that have contributed to this revolution, highlighting the importance of instrumented, interconnected, and intelligent assets. The chapters provide insights into the advancements and implementation of Industry 4.0, with a specific focus on the role of smart systems in maintenance to enhance performance, productivity, and flexibility. Additionally, the book explores the applicability of Industry 4.0 in sectors such as transportation, energy, and infrastructure, examining the impacts on technology, organizational structures, and operational aspects from a systems perspective.
5. Industry 4.0 Developments Towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Author: Kaushik Kumar, Divya Zindani, J. Paulo Davim
The book on Industry 4.0 Developments Towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution offers a comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of Industry 4.0, which is poised to revolutionize manufacturing by combining flexibility, enhanced communication, increased productivity, and improved product quality. It provides a management holistic overview of risk, intelligent manufacturing, product development, covering process planning, assessment, education and qualification needs, socio-technical considerations, and sustainable business models. Engineers, entrepreneurs, academics, and students engaged in the information technology and manufacturing fields will find this volume valuable as it addresses various aspects of Industry 4.0 and its implications for the industry's future.
6. Introduction to Industrial Internet of Things and Industry 4.0
Author: Sudip Misra, Chandana Roy, Anandarup Mukherjee
One of the Industry 4.0 book, this book is designed to cater to the growing interest in Industrial IoT and Industry 4.0 among students, researchers, and professionals in various engineering disciplines. It serves as a textbook and a reference guide, covering the essential aspects of IIoT, including sensors, actuators, data transmission, and data acquisition, fundamental to its functioning. Moving beyond the basics, the book delves into advanced topics, such as the business models and reference architecture of IIoT, predictive and prescriptive analytics in IIoT implementations, the technological aspects of Industry 4.0 and IIoT, real-world applications and case studies, and the key enabling technologies of IIoT. To enhance the learning experience, the book includes conceptual exercises, questions, and learning objectives, making it a valuable resource for students and professionals seeking to master the concepts and applications of IIoT and Industry 4.0.
7. Navigating Industry 4.0
Author: Parasnis, Ashutosh
One of the industrial revolution books, Navigating Industry 4.0, provides manufacturers with a clear understanding of Industry 4.0 and a systematic approach to its implementation. Readers can optimize resource allocation by focusing on relevance and avoiding non-value-added activities. The book guides them in developing digitalized business strategies and builds the necessary execution capabilities. Additionally, it enables manufacturers to visualize and design their tailored strategies and roadmaps, eliminating waste of time and money. The author, an experienced keynote speaker, electronics engineer, and MBA specializing in marketing, and strategic management, activates critical thinking and brings clarity to benefit your businesses. With over 30 years of industry expertise, his insights and guidance have assisted enterprises, SMEs, and start-ups on their transformative journeys. Engage with this book to unlock your potential in the era of Industry 4.0.
8. New - Age Technology And Industrial Revolution 4.0
Author: Narendra Jadhav
This comprehensive book delves into the emerging new-age technology that underpins the ongoing industrial revolution 4.0. It explores its profound impact on the economy, society, and public policy within a global context. In Part One, readers are introduced to the foundational elements of this technology, including AI and ML, big data analytics, robotics, blockchain, automated technology, additive manufacturing, internet of things, and augmented reality. Part Two delves into the potential implications of the new-age technology on various aspects such as economic growth, employment, the evolving landscape of banking-finance 4.0 and so on. Part Three expands upon the global public policy dimensions associated with this technology. It addresses critical issues such as the Right to Privacy, the impact of social media on democratic governance among others. This section also covers regulatory considerations and strategic developments related to the new-age technology.
9. Profiting from Industry 4.0: The road to future value in manufacturing
Author: Marcos Kauffman
The era of the fourth industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0, holds tremendous potential for performance transformation and the creation of new markets, both for established players and disruptive ventures. However, the key challenge lies in adapting to the new digital rules and capturing value through enhanced performance. This book, authored by an expert and practitioner in the field of Industry 4.0, provides invaluable tools, templates, and guidelines for manufacturers on the frontline. Drawing from a comprehensive analysis of current manufacturing contracts, it highlights essential questions for manufacturers to consider. It explores various options for managing innovation, designing business models, handling intellectual property, and ultimately gaining a sustainable competitive advantage. It offers a roadmap for navigating the complexities of Industry 4.0, empowering manufacturers to adapt, innovate, and secure their position in the evolving digital landscape.
10. Industrial Digital Transformation
Author: Shyam Varan Nath, Ann Dunkin, Mahesh Chowdhary, Nital Patel
Industrial Digital Transformation: Accelerate Digital Transformation with business optimization, AI, and Industry 4.0 the book provides insights into digital transformation and its significance in today's business landscape. Divided into two parts; the first explores the concept and importance of digital transformation, while the second part focuses on its practical implementation. Advanced topics, such as overcoming challenges and exploring the concepts of Digital Thread and Digital Twin, are covered further. The book offers a range of case studies from both private and public sectors, highlighting successful transformation strategies and resident experience improvement on a global scale. Furthermore, readers will discover how to create a practical playbook for successful digital transformation, leveraging cloud computing, big data, and the Internet of Things. The book is a valuable resource for IT leaders, digital strategy leaders, solution architects, and service and management consulting firms’ professionals.
These captivating books discussed in the article provide valuable insights and guidance for manufacturing experts in the digitalization sector. These resources cover various aspects of industrial IOT, big data, robotics, smart systems, among others. By delving into these industry 4.0 books, professionals can gain a deeper understanding of effective implementation of digitalization into productions across their infrastructure. With the ever-evolving digital landscape, staying up-to-date with the latest trends and best practices is crucial. These books offer industry-relevant knowledge and empower experts to make informed decisions and gain expertise in the relevant industries.
Article | December 8, 2021
Why should warehouses be left behind as everything gets smarter in the manufacturing world? The future warehouse will be smarter and more innovative to speed up supply chain management procedures and assist businesses in intelligently segregating their raw materials and manufactured goods.
So, what does it mean to have "a smart warehouse"?
A smart warehouse is a big infrastructure that stores raw materials and manufactured goods and employs machines and computers to handle routine warehouse tasks that humans previously performed. Smart warehouses are inspired by smart factories and operate in a data-driven environment. It is the ability of the system in the warehouse to make it more efficient and productive by utilizing networked, automated technology.
“I advocate business leaders get to know more about what AI can do and then leverage AI in proofs of concept.”
– Michael Walton, Director, Industry Executive (Manufacturing) at Microsoft
According to EASYECOM, nine out of ten businesses intend to include commercial service robots into their operations in some form. By 2025, it is projected that there will be roughly 23,000 robotic warehouses in the United States alone, up from only 2,500 in 2018.
Furthermore, the global smart warehousing market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 11.5 percent from USD 14.8 billion in 2021 to USD 25.4 billion in 2026, according to GlobeNewswire. As can be seen, the current warehouse automation trends are scaling up the worldwide market for smart warehouses, and the value of the smart warehouse business has a long way to go in the future.
So, what are the technologies that are changing traditional warehouses into intelligent warehouses? Continue reading this article to get a better understanding of this.
Top 5 Warehouse Technologies to Take On
Numerous manufacturing and non-manufacturing organizations, including IKEA, NIKE, and WALMART, utilize smart warehouses to streamline their overall operations. The technologies listed below assist many of them in implementing the modern warehousing idea.
A Warehouse Management System
Warehouse Management Systems, or WMSs, are comprehensive software systems that consolidate all of your critical data onto a single platform that can be easily accessed by team members and selected supply chain partners. This data compartmentalization allows for lightning-fast reporting, which allows for super-efficient planning, even for unexpected events. Overall, the use of warehouse management systems complements the use of other automated aspects perfectly.
Automated Picking Tools
The days of error-prone picking are long gone; now, when picking automation elements are integrated into the flow, warehouses can profit from near-perfect picking rates. In addition, picking procedures can be aided by various techniques, including voice-automated order picking, pick-to-light, and robotic order picking. These technologies also use cutting-edge barcoding choices that easily interface with your selected management software to provide the quickest and most accurate automated reporting experiences.
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs)
AGVs, or automatic guided vehicles, are the best approach to speeding up storage and retrieval processes. AGVs are becoming more robust as technology advances, but older models have proven safer and more cost-effective than manual labor. Their functions include pallet, rack, and other container storage and controlling and automating the entire receiving process.
Platforms for Automated Inventory Control
Automated inventory control platforms, when combined with a few other technological cornerstones, such as asset and inventory tags, may eliminate labor, guesswork, and unnecessary time from traditional inventory control. In addition, there are several advantages to using these platforms, including their ability to automatically count inventories and synthesize data for real-time reporting that can be viewed remotely.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is used by some of the world's most efficient smart warehouses, such as Amazon, as an entire concept rather than a specific technology. All of your automated and manual operations may be optimized when IoT is used to control all of your moving parts, both automated and manual. This innovative technology helps optimize a warehouse's inventory control systems, workforce planning, and, of course, the overall customer experience.
While implementing technology improves the notion of a smart warehouse, it isn't always possible for every warehouse to do so instantly, especially since implementing technology takes significant financial and infrastructure changes. That's why warehouses are adopting the concept of collaborative robots (cobots). These are the autonomous elements that work with existing human workers. Cobots allow warehouses to preserve many of their existing procedures and infrastructure while gaining the benefits of fully autonomous elements.
Amazon's Smart Warehouses Integrates Humans and Robots
Amazon acquired Kiva Systems for $775 million in 2012, highlighting its interest in warehouse robotics. Kiva Systems was the sole known producer of warehouse robots, serving many different logistics organizations.
Amazon bought Kiva Systems' machines, constructed and used them all. Amazon Robotics is a new business unit that the company has developed.
Amazon recently established a semi-automated warehouse with human workers and robots. As a result, simple chores like moving parcels and scanning barcodes are automated. However, organizing goods and carrying complex objects (like bottles) is still part of human work.
Amazon's automated warehouse employs over 400 robots and hundreds of human employees.
Amazon's rise in two crucial areas – online shopping and logistics – has been accelerated by warehouse robots.
Modern warehousing is a new trend in the manufacturing industry that automates numerous procedures required for keeping manufacturing materials and products organized. Technology trends in warehousing are making manufacturers' jobs easier and promoting the future warehouse model in 2022. Implement the cutting-edge technology outlined above to stay current with warehousing trends and boost productivity, efficiency, accuracy, and flexibility for your personnel and their operations.
What are the key benefits of a smart warehouse?
A smart warehouse improves the warehouse's productivity, efficiency, and accuracy. It also allows personnel and procedures to be flexible.
What exactly is WMS?
A warehouse management system (WMS) is a software solution that handles the supply chain from the distribution center to the retail shelf.
What is COBOT?
Cobots are designed to work with people rather than replace them. Cobots are also known as people-focused robots. They can help humans simplify and improve their work.
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Article | June 8, 2021
The last 12 months saw a considerable increase in e-commerce, driven by the global pandemic with many retail commentators believing this is an irreversible behavioural shift.
If correct, this will further underline the importance of the packaging journey, since the likelihood of consumers primarily interacting with brands through deliveries increases, potentially becoming the standard purchasing process.
Robert Lockyer, CEO and founder of Delta Global, a sustainable packaging solutions provider for luxury fashion brands, considers the impact of the packaging journey amid these new retail dynamics.
How much impact could a single packaging box have when it comes to consumer engagement and marketing? This is a question that all retailers and brands should reconsider, given the tumultuous nature of the retail landscape.
If Deloitte’s recent report into the Danish consumer’s permanent shift to online shopping can be viewed as a microcosm of imminent global trends, then businesses must adapt packaging to incorporate the entire journey.
Last year, the fashion and luxury markets were forecast to decline by an astounding $450 - $600 billion. A market previously thought too-big-to fail is taking a huge financial hit. The long-term effects of Covid-19 on retail as whole are unclear. But packaging has become too integral to the sales journey to ignore.
Packaging, therefore, can work as a core marketing tool, beyond the basics of the primary recipients’ experience. In this article, I’ll highlight how best to consider and exploit the entire packaging journey, ensuring that packaging realises its complete potential.
Manufacturing that avoids the use of sustainable materials is becoming impossible to justify, from both an economic and environmental perspective.
In fact, they are, practically speaking, one and the same. We know that a significant majority of consumers expect businesses to adopt a sustainable ethos – and are willing to pay more for it.
Therefore, the economic viability of sustainable packaging is fortified by consumer expectation. It is both a market and environmental inevitability.
Beginning a packaging journey should start with the selection of sustainable, recyclable, reusable materials. This is a stage in the packaging voyage that is easily achieved, with manufacturers increasingly switching to eco-friendly methods.
At Delta Global, sustainability is incorporated into every packaging product we produce. We’ve seen demands for sustainable services increase, but more can be done to mark this initial step as a marketing footprint rather than a footnote.
There are some great recent examples of how to do this right, from Burberry’s elegant reinvention of the ordinary cardboard box which will go even further to remove all plastic from its packaging by 2025, through to Gucci’s opulent Victorian wallpaper design packaging that is fully recyclable.
And so, step one - the initial consumer experience and expectation, is met through sustainable materials, and when done correctly, is easily exceeded.
Once the correct materials are selected, brands should start think about design beyond creating an attractive, secure container.
The goal here is to inspire the consumer to utilise the packaging in a way that positions them as a virtual brand ambassador.
Consider the rise of the unboxing video. YouTube reported a 57% increase in product unboxing videos in one year, with these videos having in excess of a billion yearly views.
Together with Instagram, where 58% of its estimated 1.074 billion users log-in to follow trends and styles, visually oriented content platforms provide an unmissable marketing opportunity.
It is important to underline that this type of viral marketing need not rely on paid celebrities. In fact, I am advocating for a completely organic approach where possible.
From a brand’s perspective, recipients of well-executed sustainable packaging must progress this initial positive experience by innovative and thoughtful design.
That way, authentically persuasive content will occur naturally. And it's this type of spontaneous, highly engaged micro-influencing that rewards brands that have fully considered the packaging journey.
To achieve this requires innovation. You might consider implementing technology and connected packaging, where apps and QR codes are integrated into the packing itself.
A favourite example of this is Loot Crates brilliantly innovative unboxing experience which connects, via an app, to new products and exclusive items.
While technological innovation provides a novelty that encourages unboxing videos, simpler approaches can equally inspire the consumer through personal touches like VIVE Wellness’ individually packaged and addressed turquoise vitamin tubes, or M.M Lafleur’s curated and detail-oriented ‘bento box’ styling solution.
These packaging creations work because they provide memorable experiences, centred on discovery, individuality and, ultimately, shareability.
Packaging after purchase
The third and most under-utilised part of the packaging journey is post-unboxing usage. Brands should ask themselves who the packaging is seen by – and does the packaging have the function to be seen and used by others?
At this point in the packaging journey, we are hoping to harvest as many positive impressions as possible. This can include, for example, delivery drivers, photographers and stylists.
The concept is not abstract. Reflect on the reaction felt by a fashion photographer the first time they received, from an enthused stylist, a Gucci item in its new opulent emerald green packaging. Or the response of a delivery driver when seeing, in amongst the more mundane boxes, MatchesFashion’s reimagining of the a cardboard parcel.
Is it likely that the impression made by those stand-out packaging designs will be talked about, purred over, recommended and revered? The answer is obviously a resounding yes. When this happens online, we call it influencer marketing.
And we should not dismiss this type of marketing when it happens offline. Word of mouth matters. In an increasingly online consumer market where the first – and perhaps only – physical interaction between brand/consumer is through the packaging experience, it will matter more.
To our imaginary trio of driver, photographer and stylist, let’s introduce the general consumer. How likely it is that any of those would throw such packaging away?
They are so wonderfully designed that reusability and repurposing are inevitable. When a packaging compels secondary usage - deployed around homes and offices as containers, storage or decoration – you are creating an item that symbolises what marketers spending entire budgets pursuing: brand as central to an aspirational lifestyle.
If the retail market is moving irrevocably online, the offline journey of packaging – from manufacturer, deliverer, consumer and user – can ease that transition and become a perpetual marketing tool. This way, brands and retailers can enjoy the journey and the destination.
Article | May 5, 2022
Digital twins appear to be beneficial in cutting expenses for many industries. A growing number of companies in the manufacturing industry, as well as healthcare, oil & gas, and other industries, are using digital twin features to better understand and respond to changing business conditions.
Digital twins can be used to save costs at numerous levels or segments of your business. Their use raises awareness of situations and helps businesses make better decisions. This technology has been applied to:
Change to standard care and conditional support in the railways
Use predictive care to foresee major impacts on the oil and gas industry
Monitor patients in real-time to improve comfort and avoid life-threatening scenarios
So, how do digital twin solutions assist manufacturers in cutting production costs?
Digital twins enable manufacturers to detect early mechanical defects, allowing for faster or cheaper repairs. Companies can save money by adapting to changing circumstances. For example, a corporation may automatically plan repairs to minimize performance impact.
Many companies use digital twins to cut expenses in various operating scenarios. In this article, we will look at situations to help recognize the benefits of digital twins.
Why Use a Digital twin?
The adoption of digital twins provides more effective product research and design. It also generates large amount of data about expected performance or results in the process. This data can provide insights that enable businesses to make necessary product refinements before initiating production.
The use of digital twins can be beneficial even after a new product has been put into production. This can help mirror and monitor production processes to achieve and maintain optimal efficiency throughout the whole manufacturing process.
As far as product lifecycle management is concerned, digital twins can assist manufacturers in determining what to do with products that have reached the end of their expected life and require final processing, whether through recycling or other means. They can figure out which product materials can be gathered with the help of digital twins.
Cost Optimization in Manufacturing using Digital twin
Transportation Cost Optimization
Digital twins are commonly employed in high-value rolling commodities like trains to improve fuel efficiency and competitiveness (i.e., predictable repairs). However, in the case of passenger automobiles, cost savings have been recorded (for example, improving security maintenance at passenger doors and train wheels).
When switching from conventional to state-based prevention in stock care, the rail transport operator claimed an average 10% savings.
Oil and Gas Cost Optimization
Companies frequently utilize digital twins to simulate and analyze functions like oil metals, pipelines, and processing plants. Among the business objectives supported by forecasting adjustments, machine learning, and other analyses are an increase in automated excavation or processing processes, a reduction in off-peak hours (FTE), and downtime, and the extension of the life of high-value assets.
The oil and gas businesses claimed that historical data forecasts for building repairs had been discovered near a substantial portion of their offshore oil production. This gave them time to lead security operations. They saved a week of unplanned unemployment and production expenditures. In less than a year, their digital investment has returned twice as much as before.
Supply Chain Cost Optimization
Businesses are increasing their investment in IoT and supply chain monitoring. Utilizing modern supply chain characteristics such as digital twins can assist businesses in achieving enhanced business results.
Monitoring the location and condition of high-value assets can assist in identifying anomalies that suggest an increased risk of theft. Additionally, this technology can be utilized to determine the location of assets for the purpose of recovery. While digital twins in many of these circumstances are straightforward – simply a location – in others, the supervised data may include natural characteristics such as the temperature inside the frozen container, generator fuel levels, or ways of detecting asset depletion or interruption.
Is a digital twin necessary for your business? Yes, most certainly. By creating a comprehensive virtual picture of a company's processes, digital twins remove the element of uncertainty from decision-making. According to Gartner, 13% of organizations utilizing IoT already have digital twins in place, while 62% are either implementing or planning to do so. Hence, do not hesitate to deploy a digital twin in your organization, as it is worthwhile to invest in a digital twin that will help you lower overall production costs in the long run.
Why is a digital twin necessary?
Digital twins are becoming vital in business. By making a digital copy of the physical assets of a product or service in an industry, digital twins help with data analysis and give people a way to check how things work before they happen. This way, they can develop a solution to any problem before it happens.
What data should be in the digital twin model?
The concept of the digital twin is based on three unique components: the physical product, the digital/virtual product, and the connections between the two.
How much does a digital twin cost?
According to some experts’ estimations, the cost of implementing a digital twin is $50,000 or less. Complex processes will necessitate a substantial investment and a lengthy implementation period to model.