Industrial IoT Business Guide: Concept, Application, Challenges, and Solutions

Bhagyashri Kambale | March 01, 2022
INDUSTRIAL IOT BUSINESS GUIDE
Industrial IoT (IIoT) is an abbreviation for the Industrial Internet of Things, originally defined as the Internet of Things (IoT). It is utilized across industries, including manufacturing, and shows great positive results, supporting overall business growth.

According to Grand View Research, globally, the industrial internet of things market size was worth around $216.13 billion in 2020 and is predicted to reach over $1.1 trillion by 2028. Is IIoT similar to IoT? The answer is yes.

“If you think internet has changed your life, think again. The internet of things is about to change it all over again.”

– Brendan O’Brien

Like the Internet of Things, the Industrial IoT has multiple use cases and applications. Additionally, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) opens up new opportunities in multiple areas. Some of the industrial internet of things examples are as follows: 

  • The Internet of Things industrial automation and optimization
  • Intelligent manufacturing and smart industries
  • Asset performance management and industrial control
  • Moving towards an on-demand service model
  • New ways of servicing customers
  • New revenue streams

Internet of Things Industrial Applications

According to IDC, manufacturing operations are the primary use case for the IoT in manufacturing. In this article, we'll look at five particular IIOT applications in manufacturing operations, production asset management, and field services that are driving Industrial IoT adoption in manufacturing.

Production Visibility

Industrial IoT can link machines, tools, and sensors on the shop floor, providing much-needed visibility into production for process engineers and management. For instance, businesses may use sensors like RFID and break beams to track components as they travel through assembly automatically. Additionally, industrial IoT apps may provide supervisors and plant managers with a real-time picture of their teams' yield by linking operators’ tools and production equipment. Organizations may utilize this degree of visibility to detect bottlenecks, determine the main cause of issues, and improve more rapidly. Dashboards for real-time IIoT production visibility can help businesses find problems and track productivity in real-time.

Continuous Monitoring for Quality Improvement

Environmental sensors continuously monitor necessary quality conditions and notify management when crucial quality thresholds exceed permissible limits. For instance, temperature control is crucial to pharmaceutical manufacturing. By utilizing IoT-connected sensors, managers may monitor temperature and humidity and receive quick alerts if they deviate from expected values. Continuous monitoring, similar to machine monitoring, can help you keep an eye on your assets in real-time.

Maximize Machine Use

The Industrial Internet of Things enables businesses to link their machinery to the internet. This technology enables organizations to monitor their machines in real-time while also tracking critical KPIs such as overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) and overall process effectiveness (OPE). By monitoring these indicators, businesses may discover and resolve sources of unscheduled downtime, perform preventive maintenance on their equipment, and maximize machine used throughout the operation. According to a recent McKinsey article, sensor data used to forecast equipment failure in production may reduce maintenance costs by up to 40% and unscheduled downtime by half. So, by applying IIoT, you may monitor the key performance indicators (KPIs) that are most important to you.

Improve Plant Management

Using sensors in production plants may enhance their management and minimize the operating expenses of a plant. For example, by employing sensors such as RFID tags to monitor facilities, manufacturers may gather insights to help them optimize space consumption. Using IoT-enabled sensors to monitor environmental factors like temperature, humidity, and others may also help firms better manage their buildings. Finally, businesses can save energy, cut costs, and improve operational efficiency by keeping an eye on their machines and making sure they are running in the right conditions.

Optimize Supply Chain Management

The Internet of Things enables sensors to monitor events across a supply chain, delivering real-time data by tracking inputs, equipment, and products. RFID tags and other sensors can track inventories throughout the supply chain. This gives businesses a better understanding of their inventory and more realistic deadlines for material availability, work in progress, and others. Organizations may use this data to detect interdependencies, map material flow, and monitor production cycle durations. This data aids businesses in predicting risks. It also lowers inventory levels and, perhaps, capital requirements. No code tables hold all of your inventory data. Tables are automatically updated as inventory is consumed during operations.

Industrial Internet of Things vs Internet of Things (IIoT Vs IoT)


IIoT IoT
It is geared for industrial applications such as manufacturing, power generation, and oil and gas. It focuses on a broad range of applications, from wearables to robotics and machinery.
To avoid life-threatening or other emergency circumstances, it employs crucial equipment and gadgets connected through a network that requires precise sensors. Its deployment begins on a modest scale, eliminating the possibility of life-threatening scenarios.
It deals with extensive networks. It deals with modest networks.
It is capable of processing data ranging from mild to high. It is capable of processing enormous amounts of data.
It is highly reliable. It is less reliable.

 

IIoT Adoption Challenges & Solutions


Investment Costs

Significant investment expenses are necessary to transform operations, including hardware, software, and human capital. Businesses frequently view IIoT as a giant leap ahead, resulting in a massive bill. A more effective strategy is to break the projects down into bite-sized implementations with set milestones. This will pave the way for outcome-driven success that can be quantified by top-tier management, resulting in a more passionate reaction and maybe a larger scale resource limitation.

Additionally, expenses can be reduced by utilizing public infrastructure and software-as-a-service rather than custom-built installations. While the cost of IoT continues to decline, numerous organizations' executives are playing the waiting game. This strategy may be good for the short term, but if you wait for prices to go down for a long time, you ccoul lose your competitive advantage and let other people get a better deal.

Data Security

It's easy to get paranoid about the attacks and problems because of all the news about cyber security. One must address these security concerns methodically and recognize measures to secure critical industrial information. Depending on the level of sensitivity, data can be checked and encrypted using a variety of one-way interactions. SCADA systems do not have to combine and act on sensor data; they can be digitally segregated. Additionally, the cloud infrastructure might be networked inside to create a "private" or corporate cloud with no external access. These security challenges can be surmounted if the advantages of the IIoT outweigh the hazards.

Lack of Skilled Professionals

While it is true that the digital world is rapidly merging with the industrial world, the issue remains as to who in the organization can take charge. An individual or team must bridge the IT and OT cultures and meet opposing demands. The program requires a blended IT/OT viewpoint to achieve IIoT goals while increasing operational complexity and responsibilities.

There are several data science certifications, online courses, and conferences available to educate middle management. Start growing competency while making learning and education a management team KPI. Consider partnering with institutions and educational vendors. The executive team's appetite for knowledge must be continual. Learning will be viewed as a lifetime process requiring dynamic stability and continual mobility.

A shortage of competent personnel was also stated in the Morgan Stanley-Automation World Industrial Automation Survey, with 24% of respondents citing a labor shortage. There is a general shortage of highly specialized talents, but it may also be necessary to look 'outside' to get the essential skills. If there is one thing that is certain in this age of digital transformation and the Industrial Internet of Things, it is that no organization can flourish entirely on its own and that networks, ecosystems, and platforms of partners are critical to success.

Final Words

Starting an IIoT project should be done with a straightforward and practical approach. This is not a big company-changing initiative, but a series of small projects or digital test beds that might raise sales, profits, or customer retention. Read our latest industrial internet of things infographic for quick tips on tackling IIoT adoption issues.

FAQ


What are IIoT devices?

IIoT refers to linked sensors, instruments, and other devices networked with industrial applications like manufacturing and energy management.

What is an IIoT platform?

Gartner describes IIoT platforms as a collection of integrated software capabilities. The platform is designed to support industrial assets and their operational environments in safety, security, and mission criticality.

What is the IoE?

The Internet of Everything (IoE) is a concept that builds on the Internet of Things (IoT). It focuses on machine-to-machine (M2M) connections to represent a more complicated system that includes people and processes.

Spotlight

Elkay Manufacturing

Make the best sinks and provide the best customer service -- This was the simple idea established by a father and son nearly a century ago that provided the foundation of our company, Elkay Manufacturing. Elkay has grown significantly from our beginnings as a sink manufacturing company on the north side of Chicago, yet our dedication to innovative products and exceptional customer service remains the same. To meet the demands of a changing marketplace, over the years we've expanded from our base business to include the manufacture of water coolers and fountains. We then added a cabinetry division and achieved our goal of being a more complete supplier of kitchen products. Recently, we broadened our scope to address the emerging world market of water filtration products and now offer our customers the benefits of our extensive research. Throughout our growth and expansion, Elkay has continued to recognize and respect the value and commitment that each employee brings to the company. Our

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Content Marketing for Manufacturers: How to Build a Successful Plan?

Article | January 4, 2022

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Discover the most effective plan for manufacturing content marketing and change your present marketing methods into more refined and up-to-date ones. FAQ What are the best ways to market a manufacturing company? The best approaches to advertising any manufacturing business are to concentrate on improving content, email marketing, SEO, press releases, and event sponsorship. Is marketing vital for manufacturers? Yes, since marketing opens up a whole new world for manufacturers, and a strong brand helps any business stand out from the competition.

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Trends to Boost Your Manufacturing Business in 2022

Article | October 27, 2021

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Engage your target audience and keep them informed of your progress in making their lives easier. “Marketing is VERY important to any company, although I generally see it being justified by the number of web hits or ‘leads’ that come in” – John Hays, Director of Sales at BALYO Allow your clientele to interact with your products digitally. To be a part of the new digital revolution in any industry, create a new digital business model. Initiative for Ecosystem Partnership An ecosystem partnership is a network of enterprises working together to provide a product or service to meet changing market needs. A partner ecosystem can generate customer-ready solutions faster. It also helps firms to co-create value. This value is demonstrated in extraordinary customer and partner experiences. The B2B ecosystem partners work together to bring mutual benefits to their companies. 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Benefits of Bosch RexRoth CytroBox It provides data insights during the long lifecycles Using this hydraulic power unit on a lease can save a lot of money which cost $100.000 It requires heavy maintenance cost as per its type of usage that can be avoided with the EaaS approach Shifting the Emphasis from B2B to B2C Many firms are moving their attention from B2B to B2C to understand their target consumer better. This new strategic approach helps producers identify market needs and gain real-time feedback on their products. This method helps producers increase profit margins while also controlling the product's interaction with the intended audience. Final Words The latest manufacturing trends will take you to the cutting edge of manufacturing. The manufacturing developments in 2022 will boost the total manufacturing market in the coming years, allowing manufacturers to generate more business revenue. FAQs What is the manufacturing industry's future? 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Additionally, enterprise resource planning (ERP), cloud computing, and machine vision all play a significant part in advanced manufacturing. { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "FAQPage", "mainEntity": [{ "@type": "Question", "name": "What is the manufacturing industry's future?", "acceptedAnswer": { "@type": "Answer", "text": "Industry 4.0 is rapid technological progress in production and is transforming the worldwide manufacturing industry. According to bccresearch's market research, the global manufacturing and process control market is predicted to increase from $86.7 billion in 2020 to $117.7 billion in 2025, a CAGR of 6.3 percent." } },{ "@type": "Question", "name": "What is the industry 4.0 technology in the manufacturing industry?", "acceptedAnswer": { "@type": "Answer", "text": "IoT, industrial internet of things (IIoT), Cyber-physical systems (CPS), cloud computing, artificial intelligence, big data, machine learning, robotics, virtual reality, augmented reality, and additive manufacturing or 3D printing are some technologies that are used in industry 4.0 factories." } },{ "@type": "Question", "name": "What are the current technology trends in the manufacturing industry?", "acceptedAnswer": { "@type": "Answer", "text": "AI, robots, 3D printing, and the like are all the latest manufacturing trends in manufacturing technology. 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3 Sales-Driving Manufacturing Marketing Strategies

Article | December 28, 2021

Successful manufacturing marketing strategies are all you need to grow your business and make it visible in every way to your target customer group. Many manufacturers are now becoming vigilant towards B2B marketing and have started forming an individual marketing budget in their annual budgets. “We should quantify marketing to inform what we do – not to decide what we do.” – Rory Sutherland, Vice-Chairman, Ogily As per Statista, nearly half of B2B organizations said they’re planning to boost their content budget in the next year. As a result, B2B marketing for manufacturers must be redesigned and smartly strategized in order to be more effective and fruitful. This article will focus on the significant challenges manufacturers face in B2B marketing and how manufacturers use the three most sales-driven manufacturing marketing strategies. 4 Biggest Marketing Challenges in B2B & Manufacturing Develop Tailored Experiences You have a few seconds to capture the customer's interest. 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Proactively calculate the MROI (Marketing Return on Investment) on marketing and sales investments. Determine how to get the most out of your marketing budget by doing more with less. Focus on making data-driven judgments rather than relying on guesswork. Maximize the Marketing Tech Investment As a manufacturer, you have access to a number of tools and resources. You will need to collaborate with your technical team to integrate it. Collaborate with your IT team to effectively adapt, innovate, and apply technology. By integrating current technologies, you can automate and improve marketing campaigns more efficiently. “Marketing professionals have to act as conveners and connect the dots so that there is alignment between stakeholders like sales and operation teams and executive leadership on what products and services will drive growth in any given quarter." – Maliha Aqeel, Director of Global Communication, Fix Network World in conversation with Media7 3 Best B2B Marketing Strategies for Manufacturers That Drive Sales Consider Purchasing an E-commerce Platform Consumer behavior is driving manufacturing transformation, particularly the shift to digital channels. Manufacturers who still handle consumers solely by phone, fax, or email risk losing their loyalty as their worlds and tastes grow increasingly digital. Manufacturers have clearly acknowledged the digital transition in 2021. This year's Manufacturing & E-Commerce Benchmark Report says 98% of manufacturers have, or plan to have, an e-commerce strategy. Moreover, 42% of manufacturers who engaged in e-commerce and digital said it strengthened client connections. How does e-commerce benefit manufacturers? Distributes a customized catalog to your customers Ascertains those spare components are visible It allows customers to customize items online Sells your whole range online Increases your consumer base Focus on the User Experience and Interface (UX/UI) The term "User Experience" refers to all elements of an end user's engagement with a business, its goods, and services. The purpose of user experience is to establish a connection between company objectives and user demands. An engaging user interface or user experience keeps users engaged and consumers pleased. Additionally, it enhances the rate of return on investment (ROI). That is why it is necessary to maintain great UI/UX quality. How does UX/UI benefit manufacturers? Increases the number of conversions Support is less expensive It helps with SEO Brand loyalty is increased Embrace an Omni-channel Strategy Millennials represent 73% of those making buying decisions for companies. Part of this means offering a seamless, consistent shopping experience across a variety of channels. With the right CRM solution, you'll eliminate a lot of the legwork associated with targeting specific buyers. Manufacturers can leverage omni-channel to increase availability, promote sales and traffic, and connect digital touchpoints. How does Omni-channel benefit manufacturers? Supports marketers in developing trust Enhances the user experience with the brand It clarifies a complex subject Final Words Developing a successful manufacturing marketing plan is all that is required to set your organization apart from the competition. Consider thinking outside of the box and developing innovative manufacturing marketing strategies that will surprise your targeted customers and keep you on their minds at all times. B2B marketing for manufacturers has long been a priority, since manufacturers frequently overlook this aspect of their business when they should. Utilize the above-mentioned sales-driven manufacturing marketing methods to assist your organization in growing and reaching the maximum range of target prospects. FAQ What is the goal of business-to-business marketing? B2B marketing's goal is to familiarize other businesses with your brand name and the value of your product or service in order to convert them into clients. How can manufacturers energize their market presence? Manufacturers may boost their market presence by advertising on various social media platforms, opting for native language ads, and partnering with influencers to promote their products or services.

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Cyber Threats to Manufacturing Companies and Ways to Mitigate

Article | March 4, 2022

Cyber manufacturing is a term that refers to a modern manufacturing system that allows for asset management, reconfiguration, and productivity maintenance in a way that is easy to see and use. Industry 4.0 anticipates an era of enormous opportunity for innovation and prosperity. Additionally, it introduces new risks and challenges in today's manufacturing cyber scene. “Cybersecurity is starting to become more prevalent within organizations, so opportunities to grow in this industry will never end if you have the correct drive and determination.” – Joe Boyle, SEO of SaltDNA Numerous manufacturing organizations are experiencing an increase in cyber-attacks on control systems used to oversee industrial processes. Some of these systems may include programmable logic controllers and distributed control systems, as well as embedded systems and industrial Internet of Things (IoT) devices. 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The following are some of the key reasons why manufacturers should prioritize manufacturing cybersecurity: Increase in the use of IoT devices in the industry Increase in the cost of data breaches Increase in the number of cyber-attacks across industries Increase in the severity of cyber-attacks Increase in the use of widely accessible hacking tools Increase in the use of remote workers Five Major Types of Manufacturing Cyber Attacks Ransomware Due to the rising value of ransomware, cybercriminals have switched their attention away from selling personal and financial data. Unfortunately, industrial companies stand to lose a lot. Until the hacker's demands are met, this malware locks files on a network and makes them impossible to use. If a ransom (typically millions) is not paid, threat actors may sell or leak important data. Until the ransom is paid, ransomware users render the company's network inaccessible. This strategy works well for attackers in the manufacturing industry because downtime is costly, and no manufacturer would like to encounter it for a long time. Ransomware assaults generally occur on weekends or holidays to maximize damage before the attack is realized. This allows hackers to wait in comfort during a busy manufacturing period. Manufacturing enterprises are a desirable target for numerous reasons. A wide network of OT devices and a long supply chain make many endpoints and security flaws. Phishing Phishing is the most common type of network assault. Phishing emails are frequently used to gain access to a target firm to carry out further detrimental assaults or acts. For instance, in 2016, a CEO sent an email to a global solar panel manufacturer’s employee. The email claimed that precise information about internal employees was required. The employee transmitted the data without confirming it. The CEO received the information. Unfortunately, the CEO was a cybercriminal, and the employee was phished, disclosing firm secrets. Perhaps the next generation of thieves will commit even more advanced and sophisticated penetrations and attacks. Phishing attacks are characterized by the following characteristics: Emails with malicious attachments Emails with hyperlinks that differ from well-known websites and are misspelt Emails with an attention-grabbing title or content Emails from an unusual sender Urgent orders or to-do items Supply Chain Attacks In the manufacturing business, no single firm can complete the entire production cycle. It must rely on several manufacturers' parts and components to complete the manufacturing and assembly of the entire product. As a result, numerous parties should coordinate to ensure an effective production process. This technique introduces the risk of supply chain attacks. Numerous criminals utilize supply chain hacks to steal critical data and intellectual property rights from manufacturers. If a malicious attacker gets permission from the manufacturer's partner to access their network, they may steal critical information or data, and even essential manufacturing records, wreaking havoc on the business. Additionally, manufacturers' external software or hardware poses security vulnerabilities, and there is a danger of attack along the equipment and system supply chain. Most products are developed using open-source or closed-source components, yet all these components have some level of security vulnerability. The following are common indicators that your network has been compromised by a third party: Incorrect usernames and passwords are used to access software systems Strange redirects to unknown websites Pop-up advertisements Ransomware messages Software freezes or crashes IoT Attacks As the intelligent transformation of manufacturing continues to progress, the Internet of Things' role in facilitating this process becomes increasingly critical. Manufacturers can optimize production processes more effectively and precisely by utilizing various IoT devices. For instance, businesses track assets, collect data, and perform analysis using IoT sensors embedded in devices. These sensors continuously monitor the various operating parameters of the equipment and critical data to enable automatic recovery and minimize maintenance downtime. Increased security risks occur because of the proliferation of various IoT devices in manufacturing plants. IoT devices have networking capabilities and can be easily connected to a network. Typically, manufacturers' IoT, industrial control, and office networks are not adequately isolated. They can get into the industrial control network through public flaws or zero-day attacks on IoT devices. They can then launch malicious attacks on critical production equipment, which can stop production and cause processing accidents. Insider Threats Most manufacturing cyber attacks are carried out by outsiders, but nearly 30% originate from insiders or those with access to the company. As with external hackers, these attacks are frequently motivated by financial gain. However, some employees or former employees attack a business out of rage or dissatisfaction. Internal threat actors do not require network access. They can access sensitive data by leveraging their existing knowledge or credentials. A threat actor is more likely to carry out an attack invisibly and undetected with pre-existing credentials. Unfortunately, former employees can typically access this information if passwords or entry methods are not changed to prevent such attacks. Because of the increased use of personal devices and remote work, employees can unintentionally be the cause of an internal breach. Most businesses were unprepared for the regulations that would accompany a global pandemic. As manufacturing companies looked for ways to stay afloat by maintaining employees remotely, few had the necessary technological equipment to keep each employee as safe as the company's employees. Many home-based employees discovered that working from home was not easy, as the line between personal and work time became increasingly blurred and eventually vanished. For hackers, these home networks and the use of unprotected personal devices have opened a new avenue for obtaining sensitive data from large andsmall businesses. How to Mitigate Manufacturing Cyber Attack Make Sure Your Software Is up to Date Install software patches to prevent attackers from exploiting known issues or vulnerabilities. Numerous operating systems include an automatic update feature. If available, ensure that this option is enabled. Utilize Current Antivirus Software Install software patches to prevent attackers from exploiting known issues or vulnerabilities. Numerous operating systems include an automatic update feature. Ensure that this option is enabled if it is available. Make Use of Strong Passwords Set up password rules. A stolen or default password is used in 63% of confirmed data breaches. Create strong passwords that are difficult to guess and use unique passwords for each program and device. Experts advise using passphrases or passwords of at least 16 characters. Make Use of MFA Tool MFA validates a user's identity using at least two identification components. This stops attackers from taking advantage of weak authentication mechanisms, which lowers the risk of someone getting into your account even if they know the login credentials. Train Employees on Security Awareness Security awareness training unites employees, eliminates risks and events, and protects both the company and the employees. Employees should also be taught how to look for and deal with threats like phishing. Final Word Industry 4.0 is all about smart technologies that operate with the help of the internet. It increases the probability of manufacturing equipment and software being hacked. Therefore, while you intend to create a smart environment in your manufacturing facility, you must take the necessary cyber security measures. The strategies mentioned in this article to mitigate the cyber-attacks will ensure that you take every precaution to keep the working environment safe. There are many ways to protect your manufacturing business from cyberattacks. The techniques and the types of attacks described in this article will help you know what to opt for and which attacks to look for in your manufacturing business. FAQ What are the most common cyber security threats? Phishing attacks are the most common cyber security threats that employees fall for. With the advancement of phishing attacks, many employees lack the knowledge necessary to spot a phishing email. Additionally, many employees have poor cyber security practices, such as using the same password for work and personal devices, which is also one of the reasons for rising phishing attacks. What are the cyber security challenges in Industry 4.0? Smart factories are vulnerable to the same types of attacks as conventional networks, including vulnerability exploitation, malware, denial of service (DoS), device hacking, and other typical attack tactics. What is CPS in manufacturing? CPS (Cyber Physical Systems) are defined as designed systems that are comprised of and reliant on the seamless integration of computer algorithms and physical components.

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Spotlight

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Make the best sinks and provide the best customer service -- This was the simple idea established by a father and son nearly a century ago that provided the foundation of our company, Elkay Manufacturing. Elkay has grown significantly from our beginnings as a sink manufacturing company on the north side of Chicago, yet our dedication to innovative products and exceptional customer service remains the same. To meet the demands of a changing marketplace, over the years we've expanded from our base business to include the manufacture of water coolers and fountains. We then added a cabinetry division and achieved our goal of being a more complete supplier of kitchen products. Recently, we broadened our scope to address the emerging world market of water filtration products and now offer our customers the benefits of our extensive research. Throughout our growth and expansion, Elkay has continued to recognize and respect the value and commitment that each employee brings to the company. Our

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